The ICCT study carried out an overall comparison of the life cycle of greenhouse gas emissions from a combustion engine and electric vehicles.
Sometimes electric vehicles are 70% more efficient than ICE vehicles
A study published by the International Council for Clean Transportation (ICCT) found that electric cars charged using electricity from a coal-fired grid pollute less than gasoline cars based on the internal combustion engine. Consistently, there has been an argument in favor of traditional gasoline vehicles claiming that electric vehicles are also indirectly powered by non-renewable energy sources and cause more damage to the environment due to extraction. lithium for the production of batteries. This ICCT report provides conclusive evidence in favor of electric vehicles.
Electric vehicles have no tailpipe emissions, unlike gasoline cars, although they still pollute because the energy used to charge their batteries often comes from non-renewable sources. But often there has been an argument in favor of electric vehicles because they are more efficient over their life cycle in terms of pollution and cost.
The ICCT study carried out an overall comparison of the life cycle of greenhouse gas emissions from a combustion engine and electric vehicles. The study looked at things like sourcing battery materials for vehicle production, both for battery-operated and internal combustion ones. He then compiled driving data from different markets, including Europe, the United States, China and India, to develop the average lifetime of emissions. The end result was clear in favor of electric vehicles.
“The results show that even for cars registered today, battery electric vehicles (BEVs) have by far the lowest lifecycle GHG emissions. As shown in the figure below, the lifetime emissions of average BEVs recorded today are already lower than comparable gasoline cars by 66-69% in Europe, by 60-68% in the United States, by 37 at 45% in China and 19 to 34% in India. The lifecycle emission gap between BEVs and gasoline-powered vehicles increases dramatically when you consider mid-size cars expected to be registered in 2030, ”the report says.
In the case of the US market, the report reveals that electric vehicles emit only a third of the amount of polluting gases than internal combustion vehicles. That number drops below 50% in favor of China, and environmentally, even in India, electric vehicles are helping offset a minimum pollution of 19%. And that difference is steadily improving as mass adoption of renewable energy sources becomes more widespread.
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