Google Doodle Today: Juneteenth is a holiday for remembrance and resilience, and a call to action for progress.
Google Doodle today commemorated the American holiday, Juneteenth. Father-son duo Jerome and Jeromyah Jones drew the cartoon. Why do we celebrate June 16? What happened on June 19, 1865?
This annual holiday in the United States celebrates the liberation of enslaved black people. On June 19, 1865, 2,50,000 enslaved people in Galveston, Texas received news of the official end of the Civil War and their slavery.
The Emancipation Proclamation, which ended slavery, was signed by Abraham Lincoln in 1863. However, many black Americans remained in the clutches of slavery in Texas and other Confederate states.
“General Granger and his Union troops marched to Texas and issued General Order #3, which announced the news of the proclamation,” reads the Google Doodle website.
After hearing new news, the slaves got their freedom and they migrated to other parts of the country to start their new life again. In 1866, thousands of people returned to Galveston on June 19 to observe what they called Jubilee Day. In 1872, in the face of protests against their annual trip, they purchased 10 acres of land and named it Emancipation Park, which became the site of their June 19 celebration.
Juneteenth became an official holiday in Texas in 1980. In 2021, a 5,000 square foot mural was installed near where General Granger announced the news of slave freedom.
“Working on the subject of Juneteenth means a lot to us because it is a milestone in the struggle for African American liberation. This notification our ancestors received 157 years ago is a vital catalyst for contemplating what the freedom for us today as a people. The celebration is a special commemoration as it highlights good news for a change that has been given to a people who were once in chains,” said the artist who made the cartoon at the Google Doodle website.