Here’s what a Russian invasion of Ukraine would mean for markets

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Fears of a Russian invasion of Ukraine are growing, prompting analysts and traders to weigh the potential shock waves in financial markets.

“If Russia invades Ukraine, the trade is to buy TY,” Brent Donnelly, president of Spectra Markets, wrote in a Friday note, referring to TY00 10-year Treasury futures,
-0.50%.

Treasuries are a traditional safe haven during times of geopolitical and economic stress. A rally in Treasuries would lead to lower yields, which move in the opposite direction of prices. A Treasury sell-off pushed yields higher, with the 10-year Treasury rate TMUBMUSD10Y,
1.792%
ending nearly 1.77% on Friday after hitting a nearly two-year high earlier in the week.

The Swiss franc, another popular safe haven, could also rally, along with the euro/Swiss franc EURCHF,
-0.02%
the currency pair should fall to CHF 1.03 “on a frozen rope if Russia moves,” Donnelly said. The euro was worth 1.043 francs on Friday.

Russia, which has already placed more than 100,000 troops on the Ukrainian border, this week began moving tanks, infantry fighting vehicles, rocket launchers and other military equipment west from bases in the Far East, the Wall Street Journal reported, citing US and social officials. media reports.

Russian President Vladimir Putin is seen as using the threat of invasion as leverage, as Moscow demands NATO never offer Ukraine or Georgia membership. Russia has pushed for a range of other demands, including that US and allied troops leave NATO members from Eastern and Central Europe. This week’s talks between Russia, the United States and NATO did not lead to a breakthrough. The United States and its allies have pledged to respond to any Russian invasion of Ukraine with tough economic sanctions.

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Nervousness rose on Friday after a cyberattack rendered a number of Ukrainian government websites temporarily unavailable. Ukrainian Foreign Ministry spokesman Oleg Nikolenko told The UK Time News that it was too early to say who was behind the attack, “but there is a long record of Russian cyberattacks against the ‘Ukraine in the past’.

Russia’s 2014 invasion and annexation of Ukraine’s Crimean Peninsula shook global markets, but as is often the case around geopolitical flare-ups, volatility quickly waned.

“In 2014, US equities experienced significant declines on Ukraine (March and May), but quickly dropped out of history. I don’t think stocks are a good way to play that scenario,” Donnelly said.

When it comes to stocks, perhaps the takeaway from past geopolitical crises is that it’s best not to panic sell, MarketWatch columnist Mark Hulbert wrote in September.

He noted data compiled by Ned Davis Research examining the 28 worst political or economic crises in the six decades leading up to the September 11, 2001, attacks. In 19 cases, the Dow Jones Industrial Average DJIA,
-0.56%
was higher six months after the onset of the crisis. The average gain over six months after the 28 attacks was 2.3%. In the aftermath of 9/11, which left markets closed for several days, the Dow fell 17.5% to its low but recovered to trade above its 9/10 level on October 26 , six weeks later.

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Donnelly said he tended to dampen market reactions to political angst.

“Geopolitical issues simmer all the time and if you look at history, very, very few geopolitical events impact markets for more than a few days,” he said, but noted that he there are exceptions – and when they do happen, “it’s huge.”

US stocks posted a mixed finish on Friday, leaving the Dow Jones Industrial Average a weekly decline of 0.9% and the S&P 500 SPX,
+0.08%
and Nasdaq Composite COMP,
+0.59%
each down 0.3%. Weakness in US equities at the start of 2022 was largely blamed on rising Treasury yields linked to mounting inflationary pressures and expectations that the Federal Reserve will be much more aggressive than expected in rate hikes and tightening. politics.

VanEck Russia RSX listed index fund,
-1.54%
is down 6.6% so far in January and has fallen more than a quarter from a more than nine-year high set in late October. The Russian ruble USDRUB,
-0.32%
is down more than 9% against the US dollar over roughly the same period.

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Barons: As Russian-Ukrainian tensions escalate, Russian stocks may be too cheap to resist

Meanwhile, analysts say investors haven’t fully assessed what an invasion would mean for commodities, especially NG00 natural gas,
+0.82%,
wheat W00,
-0.54%,
and corn C00,
+1.79%,
wrote MarketWatch’s Myra Saefong.

Europe is heavily dependent on Russian gas transiting through Ukraine, especially as 2022 started with record European gas stocks. An invasion would likely frustrate approval for operations of the recently completed Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which is expected to bring more natural gas directly to Germany, bypassing Ukraine.

Oil futures rallied to start 2022, with West Texas Intermediate crude CL00,
+2.62%
the US benchmark up more than 11% since the calendar switch, while the global benchmark Brent crude BRN00,
+0.27%
increased by more than 10%. Both are trading not far from the multi-year highs set in November.

Read: Oil rallies as analyst warns Ukraine crisis could be ‘seismic event’ for energy market

“With oil prices firmly in the White House political red zone and a Russian invasion of Ukraine still high on the agenda, the rush for additional barrels will likely become an increasingly urgent priority,” wrote RBC Capital Markets analysts, in a Thursday note. .

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