A newborn baby is cuddled by its mother while sleeping.
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Birth and fertility rates in the United States fell to another record high in 2020, with births falling for the sixth consecutive year to the lowest levels since 1979, new data from the National Center for Health Statistics shows from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
The number of births in the United States fell 4% last year from 2019, double the average annual rate of decline of 2% since 2014, the CDC said in preliminary birth data released on Wednesday. . Total fertility rates and general fertility rates have also fallen by 4% since 2019, reaching record levels. The birth rate in the United States is so low the nation is “below replacement levels,” meaning more people are dying each day than are born, the CDC said.
While the agency did not directly attribute the overall drop in births to the Covid-19 pandemic, it looked at the birth rates of New York women who gave birth outside the five boroughs at the height of the year. epidemic in the United States.
Women fled the city to give birth from March through November last year, with out-of-city births among New York residents peaking in April and May at more than 10% for the two months – a further increase by 70% compared to the previous year. Among white women, the percentage of out-of-town births was 2.5 times higher in 2020 than in 2019. Out-of-town births to black and Hispanic women were considerably lower and only increased during two of the months of last year.
Overall, the number of births declined 3% for Hispanic women and 4% for white and black women from 2019 to 2020.
Teenage birth rates have fallen dramatically, with births to 15-17 year olds dropping 6% and 18-19 year olds falling 7%, both reaching record levels.
Birth rates for women aged 20 to 24 and 25 to 29 fell 6% and 4%, respectively, both to historic lows. Birth rates fell 4% and 2% respectively among women aged 30 to 34 and 35 to 39, but did not reach all-time highs, according to CDC data.
Birth rates for 40-year-old women fell by 44, 2% from 2019, but birth rates for women 45 and older remained unchanged. According to the CDC.
The data is based on population estimates from the 2010 census as of July 1 as well as the count of all birth certificates received and processed by the National Center for Health Statistics as of February 11. Registrations represent almost 100% of registered births that have occurred. in 2020.
Some experts say a drop in birth rates could represent a lack of vital resources like housing and food among those demographics, with correlations between rising unemployment rates and falling birth rates. Yet the future economic impact of lower birth rates is still debated.