Britain launched an in-depth competition investigation on Tuesday into the dominance of US technology giants Apple and Google in cloud gaming and mobile internet browsers.
The Competition and Markets Authority (CMA) regulator will investigate whether consumer choice is constrained by the behavior of the Silicon Valley pair, it said in a statement following an initial investigation earlier this year.
Apple and Google “have an effective duopoly on mobile ecosystems that allows them to exert a stranglehold on mobile operating systems, app stores and web browsers,” to the detriment of competition, it said.
An overwhelming 97 per cent of all mobile web browsing in Britain by 2021 was done using Apple or Google technology, the CMA added.
The watchdog will investigate “how Apple and Google dominate the mobile browser market and how Apple restricts cloud gaming through its App Store.”
Many UK companies and web developers argue that the status quo is hurting their businesses, holding back innovation and generating additional costs, the regulator said.
“Ultimately, these restrictions limit choice and could make it more difficult to bring innovative new apps to UK consumers,” it added.
“At the same time, Apple and Google have argued that restrictions are needed to protect users.”
In response, an Apple spokesperson said it would “cooperate constructively” with the CMA probe, but emphasized that its approach “promotes competition and choice.”
Google emphasized its commitment to “thriving, open platforms that empower consumers and help developers build successful businesses.”
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