The JCVI presented its final recommendations on phase two of the vaccination program on February 26, concluding that people between the ages of 40 and 49 will be the first to receive an invitation for a vaccine.
People aged 30 to 39 and 18 to 29 will then be the next guests, with the government aiming to have all adults vaccinated by the end of July, raising hopes for the possibility of outdoor events. and vacation in August.
Children will start receiving the Covid vaccine as early as August as part of the government’s tentative plans to push for maximum immunity to the virus, The Telegraph can reveal.
Safety data on the University of Oxford’s critical childhood vaccine study – on which ministers are waiting before making their final decisions – is expected shortly, with its findings expected in June or July.
If the current rate of around three million first doses per week is distributed in August, it is possible that most of the 11 million school-aged children could be vaccinated before the fall term.
But Professor Adam Finn, of the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunization, said on March 31 that no final decision had been made on the vaccination of young people.
This is a new study from Pfizer suggesting that their Covid-19 vaccine is “100% effective and well tolerated” in children aged 12 to 15. around the world and hope that young people will start receiving the jab before the next school year.
No profession will be prioritized during the next phase of deployment. The JCVI considered whether groups such as teachers and police officers should be vaccinated next, but concluded that the most effective way to prevent deaths and hospitalizations is to continue to prioritize people by age.
However, the Telegraph exclusively reported that leaked documents showed nursing home workers could be required by law to be vaccinated against Covid-19, with the Prime Minister and the Secretary of Health considering changing the legislation. .
Why is there a delay between the first and second jabs?
Regulators said the key to success would be to give two full doses between four and 12 weeks apart, to give as many people as possible the initial dose of the vaccine, which offers some protection against the virus.
One study found that a single dose of the Oxford vaccine was 76% effective in repelling infection between 22 days and 90 days after injection, rising to 82.4% after a second dose at this point. Researchers involved in the trial said the results support the UK’s decision to extend the interval between initial doses and booster doses of the vaccine to 12 weeks.
While another study found that a single dose of the Pfizer / BioNTech vaccine provided a “very high” level of protection against Covid-19 after just 21 days, without the need for a second “complementary vaccination” “.
The UEA study, which has not yet been peer reviewed, looked at data from Israel where the vaccine was deployed. Scientists have found that the vaccine becomes 90% effective after 21 days – supporting UK plans to delay the timing of a second vaccine.
While it is not yet known how long immunity lasts beyond 21 days without a second dose, researchers believe it is “unlikely” to decline mostly over the next nine weeks.
It comes as side effects from vaccines are up to three times more common in people who have previously been infected with coronavirus, new figures show.
The latest data from the King’s College ZOE app, which recorded details of more than 700,000 vaccinations, found that people who had previously had an infection were much more likely to report side effects than people who had not had the infection. virus.
More serious side effects are often a sign of better immunity, and new research suggests that a single dose of the vaccine gives a similar protective effect to two doses in people who have had an infection in the past.
Experts have now started to wonder if people immune to a natural infection need a second dose.
Read more: From transmission to efficacy, Oxford, Pfizer and other Covid vaccines compared
How will I be asked to be vaccinated?
The NHS will contact you when you are eligible for the vaccine and you will be asked to make an appointment.
If you are registered with a general practitioner, your practice will contact you by phone, SMS, e-mail or post, in order to book to receive a vaccine at your local vaccination center.
You can always register with a medical office if you are not already registered with a practice, and it is advisable to make sure that your contact details are up to date to make sure there are no delays.
However, if you are over 70 and have not yet received the vaccine, the government urges you to contact your GP.
Three delivery methods
Health Secretary Matt Hancock said there would be “three modes of delivery,” with hospitals and mass vaccination centers as well as pharmacists and general practitioners offering the vaccine.
A total of 250 active hospital sites, 89 vaccination centers and around 1,200 local vaccination sites – including primary care networks, community pharmacy sites and mobile teams – have been set up to ensure that every person at risk easy access to a vaccination center, no matter where they live.
Sites across the country were turned into vaccination centers and began administering vaccines from January 25.
Some of these venues include ExCel in London, Villa Park in Birmingham, Etihad Tennis Center in Manchester, and Epsom Downs Racecourse in Surrey.
Mr Johnson promised the vaccines would be available to people within 10 miles of their homes. For a small number of very rural areas, the vaccine will be delivered to them via mobile teams.
Along with the three delivery modes, Vaccines Minister Nadhim Zahawi said there was a possibility that the vaccine could be given in pill form.
Receiving a dose of the vaccine in pill form could help alleviate supply issues that have hampered deployment in parts of the world, including Europe.